Vojna Enciklopedija:Stilski priručnik

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Ako se svi budu držali ovog stilskog priručnika, Vojna Enciklopedija bi bila lakša za korišćenje i čitaocima i onima koji doprinose njenoj izradi. Sa druge strane, treba imati u vidu da iako je poželjno pratiti određene smernice i držati se uobičajenog stila, pravila koja su iznesena na ovoj stranici, ne treba uvek posmatrati rigidno, i nepromenljivo.

Čisto, informativno i nepristrasno pisanje je uvek važnije od prezentacije i formatiranja. Vojna Enciklopedija ne zahteva od svojih korisnika da prate ova pravila, ali njihovi doprinosi će biti više cenjeni ako oni to budu činili — radost rada na Vojnoj Enciklopediji je i u tome da se ne zahteva savršenstvo.

Imena članaka

Ukoliko je moguće, postavite opis članka već u prvoj rečenici. Na primer, napišite "Ovaj priručnik stila je Vojno Enciklopedijsko pravilo" umesto "Ovo pravilo stila je još poznato i kao priručnik stila". U svakom slučaju, naslov članak bi trebao da se pojavi što je ranije moguće - predlažemo već u prvoj rečenici.

Prvi put kada u članku pominjete ime članka, zamasnite (podebljajte) slova koristeći tri apostrofa - '''ime članak''' i dobićete ime članka. Na primer: "Ovaj priručnik stila je Vojno Enciklopedijsko pravilo."

Kao opšte pravilo ne stavljajte veze u

  • podebljano ime članka u prvoj rečenici kako ne bi vezao sam na sebe
  • u bilo koji naslov u članku

Takođe, pokušajte da ne stavljate ostale reči u masna slova u prvoj rečenici. Izuzeci su ukoliko npr. osoba o kojoj pišete ima alternativne nazive; na primer, Deni Kej:

Dejvid Danijel Kaminski poznatiji kao Deni Kej (енгл. David Daniel Kaminsky; Danny Kaye; 18. januar 1913. - 3. mart 1987.) bio je američki pozorišni i filmski glumac, sjajan komičar, koji se angažovao u UNICEF-u, i u agenciji UN za pomoć deci.

Kurzivna slova se koriste ukoliko opisujete npr. neki album:

When You Were Young (u prevodu, Kad si bio/bila mlad(a)) je prvi singl sa drugog albuma Kilersa, Sam's Town (koji je izašao 3. oktobra 2006. u Sjedinjenim Državama i 2. oktobra u Velikoj Britaniji).

Naslovi

Markap

Koristite == (dva znaka jednakosti) za označavanje naslova. Počnite novi red sa == dodajte ime naslova, završite red sa ==.

Formulisanje

  • Uvek korisite prvo veliko slovo za početak reči u naslovu, i ostavite ostala slova da budu mala. Na primer "Pravila i propisi", a ne "Pravila i Propisi".
  • Izbegavajte specijalne karaktere u naslovima, kao što su &, znak plus (+), zagrade ({}), kockaste zagrade ([]). Umesto znaka &, koristite reč „i“, osim ako je & deo formalnog imena.
  • Pokušajte naslove napisati što kraće: naslovi sa više od 10 se ne preporučuju.
  • Izbegavajte nepotrebne i suvišne u naslovima: izbegavajte ponavljanje imena članka. Na primer, u članku Kostarika naslov istorija se piše samo „Istorija“ a ne „Istorija Kostarike“.
  • Ne ponavljajte naslove: nemojte ni u kom slučaju ponavljati naslove, tj. pisati dva puta isti naslov u članku.

Baratanje naslovima

  • Dodavanje podnaslova se preporučuje. Oni pomažu pri pregledu, čitanju i razumevanju članaka.
    • Koristite podnaslove ukoliko delovi sa naslovom postaju preveliki.
    • Koristite pristojne podnaslove koji ukratko objašnjavaju deo koji opisujete.
  • Ukoliko je ikako moguće, pokušajte da ne menjate imena naslova i podnaslova veoma često. Drugi članci mogu biti povezani za baš taj specifičan naslov. Moguće je da "prekine" vezu ka tom drugom članku.
  • Ukoliko povezujete na neki specifičan naslov, preporučuje se da ostavite komentar uređivačima <!-- (vaš komentar) --> kako bi ih podsetili da ne menjaju naslove u članku.

Velika slova

Pravopis srpskog jezika nalaže gde i kada se koristi veliko slovo. Što se tiče slučajeva kod kojih Pravopis ne daje smernice, trebalo bi voditi računa da se veliko slovo upotrebljava konzistentno makar u okviru iste stranice.

Početno veliko slovo ili reči napisane svim velikim slovima se ne koriste u naslovima niti za isticanje teksta. Na primer, ni „šija Nije Isto što i vrat“ ni „šija NIJE ISTO što i vrat“ nije ispravno. Umesto toga, za isticanje treba koristiti masna ili kurzivna slova.

Titule

Titule poput predsednik, kralj, ili car počinju sa velikim slovom kada se koriste kao titula (praćena imenom): "Predsednik Nikson", ne "predsednik Nikson". Kada se koriste uopšteno, onda bi trebalo da se pišu malim početnim slovom: "De Gol je bio francuski predsednik." Tačno zvanično ime ministarstva i službe se tretira kao vlastita imenica. Stoga: "Hirohito je bio Car Japana." Slično, "Luj XVI je bio francuski kralj" ali "Luj XVI je bio Kralj Francuske", Kralj Francuske kao titula u tom kontekstu. Takođe, velikim slovom počinju kraljevske titule: "Njeno Veličanstvo" ili "Njegovo Visočanstvo". (Reference: Chicago Manual of Style 14th ed., 7.16; The Guardian Manual of Style, "Titles" keyword.) Izuzeci mogu da važe za određene službe.

Kada se pominje određena služba, generalno se koristi veliko slovo: "Britanski Premijer, Toni Bler, danas je rekao…"

Religions, deities, philosophies, doctrines, and their adherents

Names of religions, whether as a noun or an adjective, and their followers start with a capital letter. Mormonism has particular complications — see Wikipedia:Naming conventions (Mormonism).

Deities begin with a capital letter: God, Allah, Freya, the Lord, the Supreme Being, the Messiah. The same is true when referring to important religious figures, such as Muhammad, by terms such as the Prophet. Transcendent ideas in the Platonic sense also begin with a capital letter: Good and Truth. Pronouns referring to deities, or nouns (other than names) referring to any material or abstract representation of any deity, human or otherwise, do not begin with a capital letter. Thus one would say, "He prayed to Wotan"; since Wotan in this case is a proper name, it is correctly capitalized, but the common use of gods in this sense is not capitalized. The following sentence would be correct usage, "It was thought that he prayed to God, but it turned out he prayed to one of the Norse gods."

Do not capitalize mythical creatures, such as elves, fairies, nymphs and genies. The exception is some works of fantasy, such as those of J. R. R. Tolkien, where initial capitals are used to indicate that the different categories of mythical creatures are being treated as ethnicities or races.

Philosophies, theories, doctrines, and systems of thought do not begin with a capital letter, unless the name derives from a proper noun: lowercase republican refers to a system of political thought; uppercase Republican refers to a specific Republican Party (each party name being a proper noun).

Calendar items

The names of months, days, and holidays always begin with a capital letter: June, Monday, Fourth of July (when referring to the U.S. Independence Day, otherwise July 4 or 4 July).

Seasons, in almost all instances, are lowercased: "this summer was very hot"; "the winter solstice occurs about December 22"; "I've got spring fever." They start with a capital letter when personified, therefore functioning as proper nouns: "I think Spring is showing her colors"; "Old Man Winter."

Dates normally should be followed by commas: "In 2001, Bob got married", "On April 10, I will be having a party". An exception is when they are used to modify other terms: "The 1993 edition has several errors".

Nebeska tela

Nazivi drugih planeta i zvezda su vlastite imenice i pišu se velikim početnim slovom. Planeta Mars se večeras može videti u sazvežđu Blizanaca, u blizini zvezde Poluks.

Reči sunce, zemlja i mesec se tretiraju kao vlastite imenice jedino ukoliko su upotrebljene u kontekstu astronomije, ali ne i u drugim slučajevima. Sunce je glavna zvezda u nizu sprektralne klase G2 ali Bio je divan dan i sunce je grejalo.

Ovi termini se tretiraju kao vlastite imenice samo u slučaju kada se odnose na posebna nebeska tela (naši Sunce, naša planeta Zemlja i njen satelit Mesec); shodno tome: Mesec kruži oko Zemlje ali Plutonov mesec je Haron.

Directions and regions

Regions that are proper nouns, including widely known expressions such as Southern California, start with a capital letter. Follow the same convention for related forms: a person from the Southern United States is a Southerner.

Directions (north, southwest, etc.) are not proper nouns and do not start with a capital letter. The same is true for their related forms: someone might call a road that leads north a northern road, compared to the Great North Road.

If you are not sure whether a region has attained proper-noun status, assume it has not.

Institutions

Proper names of specific institutions (for example, Harvard University, New York-Presbyterian Hospital, George Brown College, etc.) are proper nouns and require capitalization.

However, the words for types of institutions (university, college, hospital, high school, etc.) do not require capitalization if they do not appear in a proper name:

Incorrect
The University offers programs in arts and sciences.
Correct
The university offers… or The University of Ottawa offers…

Kurziv

Use the '' (italic) markup. Example:

''Ovo je kurzivan tekst.''

što daje:

Ovo je kurzivan tekst.

Italics are mainly used to emphasize certain words. Italics for emphasis should be used sparingly.

Kurzivan tekst se koristi i u sledećim slučajevima:

Naslovi

Kurzivan tekst se koristi za naslove dela u literaturi i drugim oblastima umetnosti.

Words as words

Use italics when writing about words as words, or letters as letters (to indicate the use-mention distinction). For example:

  • Deuce means ‘two’.
  • The term panning is derived from panorama, a word coined in 1787.
  • The most common letter in English is e.

Pozajmljenice

Wikipedia prefers italics for isolated words and phrases from other languages not yet in common use in English. Use anglicized spellings for such words, or use the native spellings if they use the Latin alphabet (with or without diacritics). For example, "Reading and writing in Japanese requires familiarity with Wikipedia:en:hiragana, katakana, kanji, and sometimes rōmaji." Words or phrases that have common use in the English language, however — praetor, Gestapo, Wikipedia:en:samurai, esprit de corps — do not require italicization. If looking for a good rule of thumb, do not italicize words that appear unitalicized in an English-language dictionary. Per the guide to writing better Wikipedia articles, use words from other languages sparingly. Include native spellings in non-Latin scripts in parentheses.

Citati

There is normally no need to put quotations in italics unless the material would otherwise call for italics (emphasis, use of non-English words, etc.). Indicate whether using the italics in the original text or whether they were added later. For example:

Now cracks a noble heart. Good night sweet prince: And flights of angels sing thee to thy rest! (emphasis added)

Punctuation

In most cases, simply follow the usual rules of English punctuation. A few points where Wikipedia may differ from usual usage follow.

Navodnici

With quotation marks, we split the difference between American and British usage. Though not a rigid rule, we use the double quotation marks "..." for most quotations — they are easier to read on the screen — and use single quotation marks '...' for quotations nested within quotations.

When punctuating quoted passages, include the punctuation mark inside the quotation marks only if the sense of the punctuation mark is part of the quotation ("logical" quotations). When using "scare quotes" to indicate a phrase used ironically, the comma or period always goes outside. Double quotation marks belong at the beginning of each paragraph in a quotation of multiple paragraphs, though at the end of only the last paragraph.

Examples:

  • Arthur said the situation was "deplorable". (Only a fragment is quoted; the full stop [period] is not part of the quotation.)
  • Arthur said, "The situation is deplorable." (The full sentence is quoted; the period is part of the quotation.)
  • Martha asked, "Are you coming?" (Inside when quoting a question.)
  • Did Martha say, "Come with me"? (Outside when there is a non-interrogative quotation at the end of a question.)

Similarly, when the title of an article requires quotation marks in the text (for example, the titles of songs, poems, etc.), the quotation marks should not be bolded in the summary, as they are not part of the title:

"Jabberwocky" is a nonsense poem by Lewis Carroll.

Use quotation marks or indentation to distinguish quotations from other text. There is normally no need to put quotations in italics unless the material would otherwise call for italics (emphasis, use of non-English words, etc.).

Look of quotation marks and apostrophes

There are two options when considering the look of the quotation marks themselves:

As there is currently no consensus on which should be preferred, either is acceptable. However, it appears that historically the majority of Wikipedia articles, and those on the Internet as a whole, follow the latter style. If curved quotation marks or apostrophes appear in article titles, ensure that there is a redirect with straight glyphs.

Never use grave and acute accents or backticks (`text´) as quotation marks or apostrophes.

Long quotations

Long quotations are normally rendered as block quotations without quotation marks. A long quotation is indented by using <blockquote> </blockquote> notation, which indents both left and right margins (see #Direct quotations).

Quotation marks affect searching

If a word or phrase appears in an article with single quotes, such as 'abcd', the Vojna Enciklopedija:Searching facility considers the single quotes to be part of the word and will find that word or phrase only if the search string is also within single quotes. (When trying this out with the example mentioned, remember that this article is in the Wikipedia namespace.) Avoiding this complication is an additional reason to use double quotes, for which the difficulty does not arise. It may even be a reason to use double quotes for quotations within quotations.

Placement adjacent to brackets or parentheses

Punctuation goes where it belongs logically; that is, it goes with the text to which it belongs. A sentence wholly inside brackets will have its punctuation inside the brackets. (As shown here, this applies to all punctuation in the sentence.) If a sentence ends with a clause in brackets, the final punctuation stays outside the brackets (as shown here). This applies to square "[ ]" as well as round "( )" brackets (parentheses).

Serial commas

The serial comma (also known as the Oxford comma or Harvard comma) is a comma used immediately before a conjunction in a list of three or more items. The phrase "ham, chips, and eggs" is written with a serial comma, but "ham, chips and eggs" is not. Sometimes omitting the comma can lead to an ambiguous sentence, as in this example: "The author would like to thank her parents, Sinéad O'Connor and President Bush." Sometimes including the comma can also lead to an ambiguous sentence, as in: "The author would like to thank her mother, Sinéad O'Connor, and President Bush" which may be a list of either two or three people. In such cases, there are three options for avoiding ambiguity:

  • A choice can be made whether to use or omit the comma after the penultimate item in such a way as to avoid ambiguity.
  • The sentence can be recast to avoid listing the items in an ambiguous manner.
  • The items in the list can be presented using a formatted list.

If the presence of the final serial comma does not affect ambiguity of the sentence (as in most cases), there is no Wikipedia consensus on whether it should be used.

Some style authorities support a mandatory final serial comma. These include Fowler's Modern English Usage (Brit.), the Chicago Manual of Style (Amer.), and Strunk and White's Elements of Style (Amer.). Others recommend avoiding it where possible; these include The Times (Brit.), The New York Times (Amer.) and The Economist (Brit.). See serial comma for further authorities and discussion.

Proponents of the serial comma, such as The Elements of Style, cite its disambiguating function and consistency as reasons for its use. Opponents consider it extraneous in situations where it does not explicitly resolve ambiguity. Many non-journalistic style guides recommend its use, while many newspaper style guides discourage its use; Wikipedia currently has no consensus, itself a position which allows either style and therefore allows avoidance of ambiguities like those above.

The serial comma should never be employed when specifying the name of a railroad or railway (for example, Cleveland, Cincinnati, Chicago and St. Louis Railroad). This is also the standard for law firms and similar firms (for example, Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom).

Colons

Colons ( : ) should not have spaces before them:

Correct
He attempted it in two years: 1941 and 1943
Incorrect
He attempted it in two years : 1941 and 1943

Dashes

The hyphen (-), en-dash (–) and em-dash (—) should be used in the correct context wherever possible. Other dashes, notably the double-hyphen (--) should be avoided.

Spaces after the end of a sentence

There are no guidelines on whether to use one or two spaces after the end of a sentence (French spacing), but it is not important as the difference shows up only in the edit box. See Wikipedia talk: Manual of Style archive (spaces after the end of a sentence) for a discussion on this.

Contractions

In general, formal writing is preferred. Therefore, avoid the use of contractions — such as don't, can't, won't, would've, they'd, and so on — unless they occur in a quotation.

Slashes

Avoid joining two words by a slash, as it suggests that they are related, but does not say how. Spell it out to avoid ambiguities. Also, the construct and/or is awkward outside of legal writing. Use "x or y, or both," to explicitly conjoin with the inclusive or, or "either x or y, but not both," to explicitly specify the exclusive or.

Ellipsis

Ellipsis, the dot-dot-dot indicating omitted text, should be separated from surrounding words by spaces, but not spaced when combined with other punctuation. The precomposed ellipsis character (… … ) may be used: it is intended to replace three dots, but looks a bit different in some fonts, so it may be better to just type the dots. To prevent the ellipsis from wrapping to the beginning of a line, you may enter a non-breaking space before it ( ... ).

Example: in the middle of a sentence ... or after a comma, ... before one..., and at the end.... Following a question...? Or even an exclamation...!

Acronyms and abbreviations

Do not assume that your reader is familiar with the acronym or abbreviation you are using. The standard writing style is to spell out the acronym or abbreviation on the first reference (wikilinked if appropriate) and then show the acronym or abbreviation after it. This signals to readers to look out for it later in the text and makes it easy for them to refer back to it. For example:

The New Democratic Party (NDP) won the 1990 Ontario election with a significant majority. The NDP quickly became unpopular with the voters, however…

It can also be helpful in a longer article to spell out the acronym or abbreviation for the reader again or to rewikify it if it has not been used for a while.

When abbreviating United States, please use "U.S."; that is the more common style in that country. When referring to the United States in a long abbreviation (USA, USN, USAF), periods should not be used. When including the United States in a list of countries, do not abbreviate the "United States" (for example, "France and the United States", not "France and the U.S.").

The software that Wikipedia runs on does not currently support HTML acronym or abbreviation elements (<acronym> or <abbr>), so these tags should not be inserted into the source. (See Mediazilla:671.)

Direct quotations

Use the same formatting as was used in the original written text being quoted; in general, do not alter it to conform to Wikipedia style. An exception is that if a quotation is enclosed in quotation marks and includes a quotation itself, any quotation within the quotation should have its quotation marks changed to conform to the Wikipedia style of alternating double and single quotation marks. Example:

According to source, "The statement 'I disapprove of what you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it' is frequently misattributed to Voltaire."

A long quotation is normally formatted as a block quotation indented from both margins, without quotation marks. To format a block quotation, use the HTML <blockquote> element, not the wiki indentation mark ::

<blockquote> Four score and seven years ago, our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. </blockquote>

Result:

Four score and seven years ago, our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.

For the time being, <blockquote> will not work for multiparagraph quotes; you can manually add <p> tags to the beginning of paragraphs beyond the first, or just use : until the issue is resolved. See MediaWiki bug 6200.

Pronunciation

Naučni stil

  • Za merne jedinice u člancima iz oblasti nauke koristite jedinice Međunarodni sistem jedinicaSI sistema osim ukoliko postoje dobri istorijski ili pragmatični razlozi da se ne čini tako (na primer, Hablova konstanta bi trebalo da bude navedena u svojoj uobičajenoj jedinici (kilometar-km / sekund-s) / megaparsek-Mpc umesto u svojoj SI jedinici herc-Hz). Jedinice SI sistema nemojte da pišete ćirilicom. Videti Vojna Enciklopedija:Priručnik stila (datumi i brojevi)#Merne jedinice za više uputstava. Brojeve zapisujte na sledeći način 12.345.678,901.
  • U člancima o hemikalijama i hemiji, koristite stil Međunarodne unije za čistu i primenjenu hemiju (IUPAC) za hemijska imena uvek kada je to moguće, izuzev u naslovima članaka, gde bi trebalo da se koristi uobičajeno ime ako je drugačije, praćeno IUPAC imenom.
  • U grupama periodnog sistema koristite nova IUPAC imena (ona koriste arapske a ne rimske brojeve).
  • Za pisanje matematičkih formula, pogledajte Vojna Enciklopedija:Formule|Formule.

Naslovi

Детаљније: Vojna Enciklopedija:Naslovi

Simple tabulation

Any line that starts with a blank space becomes a fixed font width and can be used for simple tabulation.

foo bar baz alpha beta gamma

A line that starts with a blank space with nothing else on it forms a blank line.

For a complete guide to more complex tables see Meta:Help:Table.

Usage and spelling

Usage

  • Possessives of singular nouns ending in s should generally maintain the additional s after the apostrophe. However, if a form without an s after the apostrophe is much more common for a particular word or phrase, follow that form, such as with "Moses' Laws" and "Jesus' tears".
  • Abbreviations of Latin terms like "i.e.", "e.g.", or "n.b.", or use of the Latin terms in full, such as "nota bene", or "vide infra", should be left as the original author wrote them. However, it should also be noted that articles that are intended for a general audience will be more widely understood if such terms are avoided and English terms such as "that is", "for example", or "note" are used instead.
  • If a word or phrase is generally regarded as correct, then prefer it to any other word or phrase that might be regarded as incorrect. For example, "other meaning" should be used instead of "alternate meaning", since, in British English, alternate means only "alternating".
  • Use an unambiguous word or phrase in preference to an ambiguous one. For example, "other meaning" should be used instead of "alternative meaning", since alternative commonly suggests "nontraditional" or "out-of-the-mainstream" to an American-English speaker.

Avoid self-referential pronouns

Wikipedia articles must not be based on one person's opinions or experiences. Thus, "I" can never be used except, of course, when it appears in a quotation. For similar reasons, avoid the use of "we" and "one". A sentence such as "We/One should note that some critics have argued in favor of the proposal" sounds more personal than encyclopedic.

Nevertheless, it might sometimes be appropriate to use "we" or "one" when referring to an experience that anyone, any reader, would be expected to have, such as general perceptual experiences. For example, although it might be best to write, "When most people open their eyes, they see something", it is still legitimate to write, "When we open our eyes, we see something", and it is certainly better than using the passive voice: "When the eyes are opened, something is seen."

It is also acceptable to use "we" in mathematical derivations; for example: "To normalize the wavefunction, we need to find the value of the arbitrary constant A."

Avoid the second person

Use of the second person ("you") is discouraged. This is to keep an encyclopedic tone and also to help clarify the sentence. Instead, refer to the subject of the sentence, for example:

  • "When a player moves past 'go', that player collects $200."
    • Or: "Players passing 'go' collect $200."
  • Not: "When you move past 'go', you collect $200."

This does not apply to quoted text, which should be quoted exactly.

National varieties of English

Cultural clashes over grammar, spelling, and capitalisation/capitalization are a common experience on Wikipedia. Remember that millions of people have been taught to use a form of English different from yours, including different spellings, grammatical constructions, and punctuation. For the English Wikipedia, while a nationally predominant form should be used, there is no preference among the major national varieties of English. However, there is certain etiquette generally accepted on Wikipedia, summarized here:

  • Articles should use the same dialect throughout.
  • If an article's subject has a strong tie to a specific region/dialect, it should use that dialect.
  • Where varieties of English differ over a certain word or phrase, try to find an alternative that is common to both.
  • If no such words can be agreed upon, and there is no strong tie to a specific dialect, the dialect of the first significant contributor (not a stub) should be used.

The special cases are clarified in the following guidelines. They are roughly in order; guidelines earlier in this list will usually take precedence over guidelines later:

  • Proper names should retain their original spellings, for example, United States Department of Defense and Australian Defence Force.
  • Each article should have uniform spelling and not a haphazard mix of different spellings, which can be jarring to the reader. For example, do not use center in one place and centre in another in the same article (except in quotations or for comparison purposes).
  • Articles that focus on a topic specific to a particular English-speaking country should generally conform to the usage and spelling of that country. For example:
  • If the spelling appears in an article name, you should make a redirect page to accommodate the other variant, as with Artefact and Artifact, or if possible and reasonable, a neutral word might be chosen as with stevedore.
  • Words with multiple spellings: In choosing words or expressions, there may be value in selecting one that does not have multiple spellings if there are synonyms that are otherwise equally suitable. In extreme cases of conflicting names, a contrived substitute (such as fixed-wing aircraft) is acceptable.
  • If an article is predominantly written in one type of English, aim to conform to that type rather than provoking conflict by changing to another. (Sometimes, this can happen quite innocently, so please do not be too quick to make accusations!)
  • Consult Wikipedia articles such as English plural and American and British English differences.
  • If all else fails, consider following the spelling style preferred by the first major contributor (that is, not a stub) to the article.

Finally, in the event of conflicts on this issue, please remember that if the use of your preferred version of English seems like a matter of great national pride to you, the differences are actually relatively minor when you consider the many users who are not native English speakers at all and yet make significant contributions to the English-language Wikipedia, or how small the differences between national varieties are compared with other languages. There are many ways to participate that are more productive and enjoyable than worrying and fighting about which version of English to use on any particular page.

Currency

When including a price or currency, include only one. This should be the currency that fits best for that article. An incorrect example:

The object costs 300USD (160GBP, 280EURO).

This would be incorrect as there is no need to include multiple currencies. Also, as exchange rates vary with time, these figures will not remain correct.

However, if the figures are there in order to show a geographical variation in the amount (such as the cost of an item at release in different countries), then they can be included:

The object was released in the USA for $10, in the UK for £10 and in the rest of Europe for €12.

Date and time

Remember that Wikipedia is an encyclopedia that will hopefully be read well into the future. Avoid words or phrases like currently,recently, last year, soon, modern, new.

Whenever information may become dated, try to give the time at which it was accurate. Thus

Good = In 2003, the university had an undergraduate enrollment of 8000.

Good = As of 2003, the university has an undergraduate enrollment of 8000.

Bad = The university has an undergraduate enrollment of 8000.

Also, avoid phrases like "Mike Tyson was a professional boxer." That makes it sound like he is dead. Instead use "Mike Tyson is a former professional boxer." unless the person really is dead.

Veliko malo dugačko kratko

Pokušajte koristiti tačne mere kad god je to moguće. Koristite specifične informacije.

Dobro
Prosečan mužjak volabija je dugačak 1,6 metara od glave do repa.
Loše
Volabi je mali
Dobro
Cijanobakterija Prochlorococcus marinus je dimenzija 0,5 do 0,8 mikrometara.
Loše
Prochlorococcus marinus je majušna cijanobakterija.
Dobro
Dugonzi su plivali uz obalu u jatu pet kilometara dugačkom i 300 metara širokom.
Loše
Veliko jato dugonga se prostiralo široko uz obalu.

Slike

Neke opšte smernice koje treba da sledite ukoliko ne postoji razlog da to ne činite:

  • Počnite članak sa slikom koja je poravnana na desno. (pogledaj primer dole)
  • Kada koristite više slika u jednom članku, možete ih poređati i desno i levo (Primer: Turska Republika Severni Kipar).
  • Izbegavajte postavljanje teksta između dve slike jedne do druge kako ne bi napravili „sendvič“.
  • Obično se koristi desno poravnanje, ili poravnanje u sredini (Primer: Bern).
    • Izuzeci: Portreti sa glavnom koja gleda ka desno treba da budu poravnati na levo (gledajući na tekst članka). U takvim slučajevima se preporučuje pomeranje sadržava članka na desno dodajući {{Sdesno}}. Pošto lica nisu perfektno simetrična preporučuje se da se, koristeći neki program za obradu fotografija okrene portret kako bi se mogao postaviti na desnu stranu.
  • Ukoliko se u članku nalazi mnogo fotografija, razmislite o uključivanju galerije.
  • Koristite {{Commons}} da povežete članak sa više slika na Vojno Enciklopedijskoj multimedijalnoj ostavi, naravno ukoliko je to moguće.
  • Koristite opis slike kako bi objasnili važnost slike u članku.
  • U najviše slučajeva veličina slike ne bi trebala ručno da se unosi.

Trenuti kod za dodavalje slike je otprilike ovakav:

[[Slika:Slika.jpg|120p|desno|mini|Opis slike]]

Vidi još: Uputstva/Slike

Captions

Детаљније: Wikipedia:Captions

Photos and other graphics should have captions unless they are "self-captioning", as in reproductions of album or book covers, or when the graphic is an unambiguous depiction of the subject of the article. For example, in a biography article, a caption is not needed for a portrait of the subject pictured alone; however, most entries use the name of the subject and the birth and death years and an approximation of the date when the image was taken: "John Smith (1812–95) circa 1880" or "John Smith (1812–95) on January 12, 1880 in Paris".

If the caption is a single sentence or a sentence fragment, it does not get a period at the end. If the caption contains more than one sentence, then each sentence should get a period at the end.

Captions should not be italicized unless they are book titles or related material. The caption always starts with a capital letter. Remember that the full information concerning the image is contained in the image entry, so people looking for more information can click on the photo to see the full details.

Neuređeni spiskovi

Slede pravila za korišćenje neuređenih spiskova (bulleted lists):

  • Ukoliko koristite cele rečenice, uvek koristite interpunkciju i stavite tačku na kraju.
  • Nepotpunim rečenicama ne traba interpunkcija.
  • Ne mešajte stilove rečenica; koristite ili samo cele rečenice, ili samo delove rečenica.
  • Svaka stavka počinje velikim početnim slovom, čak i ako je u pitanju deo rečenice.

Identity

This is perhaps one area where Wikipedians' flexibility and plurality are an asset, and where one would not wish all pages to look exactly alike. Wikipedia's neutral point of view and no original research policies always take precedence. However, here are some nonbinding guidelines that may help:

  • Where known, use terminology that subjects use for themselves (self-identification). This can mean using the term an individual uses for himself/herself, or using the term a group most widely uses for itself. This includes referring to transgendertransgender individuals according to the name and pronoun they use to identify themselves.
  • Use specific terminology: People from Ethiopia (a country in Africa) should be described as Ethiopian, not African.
  • Do not assume that any one term is the most inclusive or accurate.
  • However, a more general name will often prove to be more neutral or more accurate. For example, a Wikipedia:en:List of African-American composers is acceptable, though a List of composers of African descent may be more useful.
  • If possible, terms used to describe people should be given in such a way that they qualify other nouns. Thus, black people, not blacks; gay people, not gays; and so forth.
  • Also note: The term Arab refers to people and things of ethnic Arab origin. The term Arabic refers to the Arabic language or writing system (and related concepts). For example, "Not all Arab people write or converse in Arabic, but nearly all are familiar with Arabic numerals."
  • In a direct quotation, use the original text, even if the originator does not conform with the above guidelines.

Wikilinking

Make only links relevant to the context. It is not useful and can be very distracting to mark all possible words as hyperlinks. Links should add to the user's experience; they should not detract from it by making the article harder to read. A high density of links can draw attention away from the high-value links that you would like your readers to follow up. Redundant links clutter up the page and make future maintenance harder. A link is the equivalent of a footnote in a print medium. Imagine if every second word in an encyclopedia article were followed by "(see:)". Hence, the links should not be so numerous as to make the article harder to read.

Check links after they are wikified to make sure they direct to the correct concept; many dictionary words lead to disambiguation pages and not to complete articles on a concept. If an anchor into a targeted page (the label after a pound sign (#) in a URL) is available, is likely to remain stable, and gets the reader to the relevant area significantly faster, then use it.

When wikilinks are rendered as URLs by the MediaWiki software, the initial character becomes capitalized and spaces are replaced by underscores. When including wikilinks in an article, there is no need to use capitalization or underscores, since the software produces them automatically. This feature makes it possible to avoid a piped link in many cases. The correct form in English orthography can be used as a straight link. Wikilinks that begin sentences or are proper nouns should be capitalized as normal.

Dates

Not every year listed in an article needs to be wikilinked. Ask yourself: will clicking on the year bring any useful information to the reader?

Do, however, wikilink years, using the [[As of XXXX]] form, when they refer to information that was current at the time of writing; this allows other editors to ensure that articles are kept up to date as time passes. Dates including a month and day should also be linked in order for user preferences on date formatting to work properly.

Razno

Kada sve "padne u vodu"

Ukoliko ova stranica na sadrži informacije koje ste tražili:

  • Razmotrite vaš problem, ili predložite nepostojeće pravilo stila na Razgovor o Vojnoj Enciklopediji:Priručnik stila
  • Jednostavno razgledajte. Učitajte članke i krenite da ih uređujete da biste videli kako su ostali korisnici sklopili članak. Nakon toga možete prekinuti uređivanje bez napravljene izmene, ali vam preporučujemo da razgledate i učite o stilu dok ste tamo.

Držite „markap“ jednostavnim

Koristite najjednostavniji mogući markap kako bi sve informacije obuhvatili i pokazali ih uspešno. Korišćenje HTML i CSS markapa se ne preporučuje, ali nije zabranjeno, koristite ga isključivo sa jakim razlogom.

Formatting issues

Formatting issues such as font size, blank space and color are issues for the Wikipedia site-wide style sheet and should not be dealt with in articles except in special cases. If you absolutely must specify a font size, use a relative size, that is, font-size: 80%; not an absolute size, for example, font-size: 8pt. It is also almost never a good idea to use other style changes, such as font family or color.

Typically, the usage of custom font styles will

  1. reduce consistency — the text will no longer look uniform with typical text;
  2. reduce usability — it will likely be impossible for people with custom stylesheets (for accessibility reasons, for example) to override it, and it might clash with a different skin as well as bother people with color blindness;
  3. increase arguments — there is the possibility of other Wikipedians disagreeing with choice of font style and starting a debate about it for aesthetic purposes.

For such reasons, it is typically not good practice to apply inline CSS for font attributes in articles.

Color coding

Using color alone to convey information (color coding) should not be done. This is not accessible to people with color blindness (especially monochromacy), on black-and-white printouts, on older monitors with fewer colors, on monochrome displays (PDAs, cell phones), and so on.

If it is necessary to use colors, try to choose colors that are unambiguous when viewed by a person with red-green color blindness|Color blindness#Red-green color blindness|red-green color blindness (the most common type). In general, this means that shades of red and green should not both be used as color codes in the same image. Viewing the page with Vischeck can help with deciding if the colors should be altered.

It is certainly desirable to use color as an aid for those who can see it, but the information should still be accessible without it.

Nevidljivi komentari

Nevidljivi komentari se koriste za komunikaciju sa ostaim uređivačima u samom članku. Ovi komentari su vidljivi samo kada menjate članak. To znači da su nevidljivi običnim korisnicima koji sam čitaju članak.

Normalno, ukoliko uređivač želi da prodiskutuje nešto sa drugim potencijalnim uređivačima, koristiće stranicu za razgovor. Međutim, ponekad ima više smisla ostaviti komentar u sam članak, zbog toga što bi uređivač koji ostavlja poruku želeo da ostavi neke instrukcije ili uputstva drugim uređivačima ukoliok budu menjaju članak.

Ukoliko želite da ostavite komentar, ogradite tekst koji ne želite da obični čitači vide sa <!-- i -->.

Na primer, tekst:

Pozdrav <!-- Ovo je komentar --> svima.

će se prikazati kao:

Pozdrav svima.

Tako da se komentari mogu videti samo ukoliko uređujete članak, tj. u samom kodu članka.

Zapamtite: Komentari mogu da proizvedu neželjena prazna polja kad ih ostavljate na neka mesta, kao što su veh članaka. Izbegavajte ostavljanje komentara na mesta koja bi mogla da izmene prikazivanje članak.

Čitkost

Obratite pažnju na čitkost onoga što pišete. Napravite vaš unos tako da bude jednostavan za čitanje. Razumno koristite pomoćna sredstva kao što su nesređeni spiskovi, masna i kurzivna slova, slike i dr.

Spoljašnje veze

Veze ka sajtovima van Vojne Enciklopedije mogu da se izlistaju na kraju članka ili uklopljeni u članak. Klasičan format za spiskove veza je da imaju naslov pod imenom == Spoljašnje veze == i ispod spisak veza. Spoljašnje veze bi trebale da opišu sadržaj sajta, i označe zašto je sajt relevantan za članak. Na primer:

*[http://www.srbija.gov.rs/ Zvanična prezentacija Vlade Srbije]

Kada se ovako unese u članak, prikazaće se kao:

Spoljašnje veze mogu da se uklope u članak kako bi pružili specifične reference. Ove veze nemaju opis sem automatski generisanog broja. Na priper:

Primer teksta. [http://www.primer.com]

Kada se ovako unese u članak, prikazaće se kao:

Primer teksta. [1]

Uklopljene spoljašnje veze bi trebalo da prati potpun citat u delu članka za reference.

Drugi priručnici